Diagnosis And Treatment Of Common Dental Problems

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Common Dental Problems

Dental problems can range from minor nuisances to severe conditions that impact oral health and overall well-being. Quick diagnosis and appropriate treatment available at an Abu Dhabi dental clinic is essential for addressing common dental issues effectively. Explore here the diagnosis and treatment of some prevalent dental problems encountered in clinical practice.

Tooth decay (Cavities)

Tooth decay, or cavities, occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode tooth enamel, leading to the formation of holes or cavities. Diagnosis typically involves a visual examination, dental probes, and X-rays to assess the extent of decay. Treatment options include dental fillings to restore damaged teeth, root canal therapy for advanced decay, and preventive measures such as fluoride treatments and dental sealants to halt decay progression.

Gum disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)

Gum disease encompasses a spectrum of conditions ranging from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis, characterized by inflammation and infection of the gum tissues. Diagnosis involves an inclusive periodontal examination, including probing depths and assessment of gum recession. Treatment may include professional dental cleanings, scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar, antibiotics, and surgical interventions for advanced cases.

Tooth sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity refers to discomfort or pain in response to hot, cold, sweet, or acidic stimuli. Diagnosis involves identifying the underlying cause, which may include enamel erosion, gum recession, or dental decay. Treatment options include desensitizing toothpaste, fluoride treatments, dental bonding or sealants to cover exposed dentin, and addressing underlying dental issues contributing to sensitivity.


A toothache can arise from various underlying causes, including dental decay, infection, trauma, or dental abscess. Diagnosis involves a thorough examination, X-rays, and possibly diagnostic tests such as pulp vitality testing. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include dental fillings, root canal therapy, extraction of severely damaged teeth, and antibiotics for infection control.

Malocclusion (Misaligned Teeth)

Malocclusion refers to misalignment of the teeth or jaws, which can lead to functional and aesthetic concerns. Diagnosis involves a clinical examination, dental impressions, and X-rays to assess the extent of misalignment. Treatment options may include orthodontic interventions such as braces or clear aligners, dental extractions, and surgical procedures for severe malocclusion.

Quick diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for addressing common dental problems effectively and preserving oral health. Whether it’s tooth decay, gum disease, tooth sensitivity, toothache, or malocclusion, early intervention can prevent complications and restore oral function and aesthetics.